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Acute Communicable Disease Control
Enterovirus

Enteroviruses are small viruses that are made of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and protein. This group includes the polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and other enteroviruses. In addition to the three different polioviruses, there are 62 non-polio enteroviruses that can cause disease in humans: 23 Coxsackie A viruses, 6 Coxsackie B viruses, 28 echoviruses, and 5 other enteroviruses. Enteroviruses generally cause mild disease; however, neonates are at higher risk for severe illness because of the immaturity of their immune systems. Acute Communicable Disease Control Program continues to investigate severe coxsackievirus infections in children. Last year, several cases and deaths were confirmed in Los Angeles and other counties and states. A report including the Los Angeles experience was published in the MMWR.

Surveillance Information

 Resources

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