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Acute Communicable Disease Control

    

Acute Communicable Disease Control


Contact Information
County of Los Angeles
Department of Public Health
Acute Communicable Disease Control
313 N. Figueroa Street, Room 212
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Phone: (213) 240-7941
Fax: (213) 482-4856
E-Mail:acdc2@ph.lacounty.gov
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Acute Communicable Disease Control
Enterovirus

Enteroviruses were originally classified into four groups: polioviruses, Coxsackie A viruses (CA), Coxsackie B viruses (CB), and echoviruses. Poliovirus is responsible for the disease polio which invades the nervous system and can cause severe disease including paralysis or death. Because of vaccination efforts, polio has been eradicated from the US. There have been no cases of polio contracted in the US since 1979, but polio is still a threat in other countries. Non-polio enteroviruses are very common and cause cold-like symptoms. There are over 60 non-polio enteroviruses that are known to cause disease in humans. Illness from enteroviruses is usually mild and occurs mostly during the summer and fall. Infants and children are more likely to become sick since they lack the immunity from previous exposures that adults have. Neonates are at higher risk for severe illness because of the immaturity of their immune systems. These viruses usually spread from infected personís bodily fluids (snot and spit) or by touching objects and surfaces that have the virus on them. For health care facilities, infection control should include standard, contact, and droplet precautions.

Although individual cases of enterovirus are not reportable, physicians who see an unusual increase in the number of acute respiratory illness among their patients should report this to ACDC:
  • On weekdays, between 8:00 am-5:00 pm, call the Acute Communicable Disease Control Program at (213) 240-7941.
  •  During non-business hours (before 8:00 am, after 5:00 pm, or weekends), call the Los Angeles County Operator at (213) 974-1234 and ask for the Public Health doctor on-call.

Resources:

Enterovirus D68 FAQ Sheet English Spanish

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