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Tuberculosis Control Program

    

Tuberculosis Control Program


Contact Information
Los Angeles County
Department of Public Health
Tuberculosis Control Program
2615 S. Grand Avenue, Room 507
Los Angeles, CA 90007
Phone: (213) 745-0800
Fax: (213) 749-0926
Email: tbc@ph.lacounty.gov
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  • Tuberculosis Control Program

    Los Angeles County Department of Health Services
    Tuberculosis Control Program
    2001 Epidemiology Fact Sheet
    HIV Co-infected Tuberculosis Cases

    1. In the United States, in the year 1999, of 8,349 TB cases with available HIV test results, 1,721 TB cases were found to be co-infected with HIV. In the 25-44 year old age group, there were 1,171 TB cases co-infected with HIV among 3,785 with HIV test results.1
    2. In California, in the year 2000, of the 3,292 TB cases, 144 had a diagnosis of AIDS. Of these 144, most were Hispanics (76 cases), followed by Blacks (37 cases), Whites (24 cases), and Asian/Pacific Islanders (7 cases). 2
    3. In 2001, 1,065there were 1,046 TB cases reported in Los Angeles County (LAC). Of these, 675 (64.5%) were tested for HIV and 84 (8.0%) were co-infected with HIV. The HIV positive detection rate among the 675 tested was 12.4%, compared with 11.3% in 2000. 3
    4. Of the 84 HIV co-infected TB cases, 71 (84.5%) were male and 13 (15.5%) were female.
    5. In 2001, the highest number of HIV co-infected cases was in 35-44 year old age group (28 cases,32.5 33.3%), followed by the 45-54 year old age group (21 cases, 25.0%), the 15-34 year old age group (20 cases, 23.8%), the 55-64 year old age group (11 cases, 13.1%), the 65 years and older age group (3 cases, 3.6%), and the 0-4 year old age group (1 case, 1.2%).
    6. The racial/ethnic breakdown among the HIV co-infected TB cases was 56.0% Hispanic, 20.2% Black, 17.9% White, and 6.0% Asian.
    7. Fifty-six percent (4847 cases) of the HIV co-infected TB cases were foreign-born. Twenty-six (31.1%) were from Mexico, 8 (10.0%) were from El Salvador, and 4 (4.8%) were from Philippines. Thirty-seven (44.1%) of the HIV co-infected TB cases were born in the U.S.
    8. Of the 84 HIV co-infected TB cases, 22 cases (26.2%) were reported to have substance abuse.
    9. In 2000 2001, 20.2% (1617 cases) of HIV co-infected TB cases were homeless.
    10. Seventy cases (83.3%) were diagnosed as pulmonary TB, and 14 cases (16.7%) as extra-pulmonary TB only.

    1 CDC. Reported Tuberculosis in The United States, 2000

    2 California Health and Human Services Agency: Report on Tuberculosis in California, 2001.

    3 Epidemiology Services, TB Control Program, Department of Health and Services, Los Angeles County. Tuberculosis Epidemiology Assessment (TEAM) Report 2001; Volume 2002.


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